What type of rule or law governs the attorney-client privilege?
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26 governs attorney-client privilege in the context of civil discovery. Rule 26(b)(1) allows civil pretrial discovery for non-privileged materials.
Is attorney-client privilege state or federal law?
The California Evidence Code
California’s privilege is the same as the Federal Rules. There is a presumption that a communication made in confidence in the course of a lawyer-client relationship is protected by the privilege.
Are there exceptions to attorney-client privilege?
Some of the most common exceptions to the privilege include: Death of a Client. The privilege may be breached upon the death of a testator-client if litigation ensues between the decedent’s heirs, legatees or other parties claiming under the deceased client. Fiduciary Duty.
What law applies to privilege?
State law applies the rule of decision. 1. Federal Rule of Evidence 501 provides, “in a civil case, state law governs privilege regarding a claim or defense for which state law supplies the rule of decision.” between an attorney and client made for the purpose of giving or receiving legal advice are privileged.”) Id.
What documents are protected by attorney-client privilege?
The attorney-client privilege protects from disclosure to third parties: (a) confidential communications; (b) between an attorney and client; (c) made for the purpose of obtaining or providing legal advice. Unless all three of these prongs are met, the communication is not privileged.
How might attorney-client privilege be lost or waived?
A waiver can occur from a variety of conduct that fails to maintain the confidentiality of the communication. Either voluntary or inadvertent disclosure to outside or non-covered recipients, professional advisors outside the privilege, and experts and consultants, can result in waiver as a matter of law.
How do I waive attorney-client privilege?
Sometimes, a government entity will agree to waive attorney-client privilege to show that it has nothing to hide. Waiver by communicating with a third party – Having a third party present when the communication is taking place is a common way to waive attorney-client privilege.
Does state or federal privilege law apply?
State law determines privilege issues with respect to state claims. Thus, in “federal question” cases governed by federal law, evidentiary privileges are generally a question of the common law. In state court, and in federal “diversity cases,” California’s statutory law on privileges applies.
Who can waive work product privilege?
A party or its attorney may waive the privilege by disclosing privileged information to a third party who is not bound by the privilege, or otherwise shows disregard for the privilege by making the information public. Bittaker v. Woodford, 331 F.
What are the 9 privileges?
Nine of those rules defined specific nonconstitutional privileges which the Federal courts must recognize (i.e., required reports, lawyer-client, psychotherapist-patient, husband-wife, communications to clergymen, political vote, trade secrets, secrets of state and other official information, and identity of informer).